ITALY IN BRIEF
The following does not constitute legal advice
Employer’s burden in Italy is among the highest in Europe and it is around 40% of the employee’s gross salary
OVERTIME, NIGHTSHIFT AND WORK ON A PUBLIC HOLIDAY
Overtime: 15% surcharge up to 48 hours per week, 20% surcharge from 49 hours
Public holidays or Sundays: 30% surcharge
Night work: 50% surcharge
MINIMUM ANNUAL VACATION
22 days a year
100% of the salary for the first 3 days funded entirely by the employer
75% of the salary from the 4th until the 20th day (50% funded by INPS and 25% funded by the employer)
100% from the 21st day until the 180th day (66.66% funded by INPS and 33.34% by the employer)
HEALTH AND SAFETY
Each worker has to undergo a medical examination straight after the beginning of the employment and attend an 8 hour online course to comply with the health and safety regulations in force.
In 2022 there will be 13 public holidays in Italy
National retirement scheme (the contributions paid by the employer is equal to 23.81% of the gross salary)
Private additional voluntary pension contributions available for the employees
National health care coverage
Mandatory additional private healthcare coverage (Fondo EST and Fondo QUAS)
6 months for Quadro and Level I
2 months for all other levels
Quadro and Level I: 60 days
Level II and III: 30 days
Level IV and V: 20 days
Quadro and Level I: 45 days
Level II and III: 20 days
Level IV and V: 15 days
NUMBER OF MONTHLY SALARIES: 14
13th salary to be paid in December
14th salary to be paid in June
The monthly compensation for maternity leave is equal to 100% of the salary and is due for 5 months (2 before and 3 after the date of birth or 1 month before and 4 after. 80% of this compensation is reimbursed by INPS and 20% is paid solely by the employer. The leave is extended in the case of premature birth or suspended in the case of the infant's stay in hospital to benefit from the time not taken during pregnancy or prolonged hospital stay. In the event of adoption or fostering, the 5 months run from the date of entry into the family of the adopted/fostered minor
The father can take up to 7 days within the first 5 months from the birth and it is equal to 100% of the salary.
A temp contract is only allowed if it is not longer than 12 months and it can only be renewed (within the aforementioned 12 months) only 4 times.
Severance in Italy is mandatory even in case of resignation and it is approximately 7.5% of the annual salary. It is accrued monthly and paid when the employment relationship ends. In some cases the law allows the worker to access these funds also during the period of employment.
Terminating a contract in Italy is not an easy process. The indemnification in case of unjustified termination is between 3 to 36 months’ salary.
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