P E O I T A L Y
Guidelines for hiring a NON-EU Citizen in Italy

To be employed in Italy, individuals who are not citizens of the European Union must have a valid residence permit which grants them the right to reside and work in the country.
According to the website www.integrazionemigranti.gov.it, the most important residence permit that allow the foreigner citizen to work are the following.

  • Residence permit for subordinate work
  • Residence permit for self-employment
  • EU Blue Card
  • Residence permit issued for scientific research
  • Residence permit issued for internship
  • Residence permits to carry out the activity of nurse

To employ a non-European Union (EU) citizen in Italy without having a legal establishment in the country, the foreign company must contract the services of an officially certified Employer of Record (EOR) provider based in Italy.

Procedure for Obtaining a Work Permit in Italy

Residence permit for subordinate work

This permit, formally referred to as the "Permesso di Soggiorno per Lavoro Subordinato," is the gateway to a fulfilling professional life in this charming European nation.

  1. Obtaining a Job Offer:
    The first step towards securing a Residence Permit for Subordinate Work in Italy is obtaining a job offer from an Italian employer. The employer plays a vital role in initiating the application process.
  2. Applying for a Work Visa:
    Once a job offer is in hand, applicants must apply for a work visa at the Italian consulate or embassy in their home country. This visa, known as the "visto per lavoro subordinato," allows entry into Italy for employment purposes.
  3. Arrival in Italy:
    Upon entering Italy with the work visa, applicants must start the residence permit application process within eight days of arrival. It's crucial to approach the local Questura (police headquarters) or post office to schedule an appointment for submitting the necessary documents.
  4. Required Documents:
    • Valid passport and visa
    • Proof of employment (job contract or letter of employment)
    • Health insurance coverage
    • Proof of accommodation in Italy
    • Passport-sized photographs
    • Payment of the application fee
  5. Biometrics and Application Submission:
    During the appointment, applicants provide biometric data (fingerprints and photographs) and submit all required documents. The Questura reviews the application and, if everything is in order, issues a receipt confirming the submission.
  6. Waiting Period:
    After submitting their application, applicants must wait patiently for the processing of the residence permit. This period can vary, but it is essential to check the progress regularly.

Residence permit for self-employment

Aspiring entrepreneurs must navigate the complexities of the Italian Self-Employment Residence Permit, also known as "Permesso di Soggiorno per Lavoro Autonomo." This permit opens the door to a world of opportunities, allowing innovative minds to thrive in the heart of Europe.

  1. Developing a Business Plan:The first step in obtaining a Residence Permit for Self-Employment is to develop a comprehensive business plan. This plan should outline the nature of the business, its market viability, financial projections, and the applicant's role within the company. A well-thought-out business proposal significantly strengthens the application.
  2. Financial Requirements:
    Prospective entrepreneurs must demonstrate the financial means to support themselves and their business endeavours. This may include proof of personal savings, investments, or income generated from previous business ventures.
  3. Legal Structure of the Business:
    Applicants must establish a legal entity for their business in Italy. This can take the form of a sole proprietorship, partnership, or a corporation. Registering the business and obtaining necessary licenses and permits are essential prerequisites.
  4. Health Insurance and Housing arrangement:
    Self-employed individuals must arrange for health insurance coverage in Italy and provide proof of Housing arrangement within the country. Having a valid health insurance policy and a stable residence address are vital for the application process.
  5. Application Submission:
    Applicants can initiate the residence permit application process at the local Questura (police headquarters) or post office. They must fill out the application form and give documents like a business plan, financial proof, health insurance, and accommodation information. The submission of biometric data, including fingerprints and photographs, is also part of the application process.
  6. Waiting Period and Follow-up:
    After the submission of documents, applicants must patiently wait for the processing of their residence permit. During this period, regular follow-ups with the immigration authorities can ensure that the application is progressing smoothly.
  7. Post-Approval Steps:
    Upon approval, applicants receive a residence permit card, which serves as official documentation of their self-employment status in Italy. This card is crucial for various purposes, including opening a business bank account, signing contracts, and accessing government services.

EU Blue Card in Italy. How does it work?

The EU Blue Card is a residence and work permit designed to attract highly skilled non-EU/EEA workers to the European Union member states, including Italy.

  1. Eligibility Criteria:
    To be eligible for an EU Blue Card in Italy, applicants must typically meet the following criteria:
    • Have a valid job offer or employment contract from an Italian employer
    • Possess a higher education qualification or have at least five years of professional experience relevant to the job.
    • The job offer should meet the minimum salary requirements, which vary based on the occupation and region in Italy.
  2. Application Process:
    • Job Offer: Secure a job offer from an Italian employer. The employer initiates the application process by applying for a work permit on behalf of the employee.
    • Work Permit Application: The employer submits the work permit application to the local immigration office (Questura) in Italy. The application should include necessary documents, such as the employment contract and proof of qualifications.
    • EU Blue Card Issuance: Once the work permit is approved, the applicant receives the EU Blue Card, allowing them to reside and work in Italy.
  3. Benefits of the EU Blue Card:
    • Work and Residence: Holders can work and live in Italy for the duration of the employment contract, plus three additional months.
    • Family Reunification: The EU Blue Card allows family reunification, enabling spouses and dependent children to join the cardholder in Italy.
    • Social Benefits: Cardholders have access to social benefits and are treated equally with nationals regarding working conditions, social security, and tax benefits.
    • Freedom of Movement: After 18 months of working in Italy, EU Blue Card holders can move to another EU member state for employment purposes.
    • Permanent Residency: After five years of legal and continuous residence in Italy, EU Blue Card holders can apply for long-term residency or permanent residency.
  4. Renewal and Permanent Residency:
    • The EU Blue Card is typically issued for a maximum of four years. Before it expires, the card can be renewed, provided the employment contract is extended or the cardholder finds a new job meeting the requirements.
    • After five years of legal residence in Italy, EU Blue Card holders can apply for long-term residency. With long-term residency, they can apply for permanent residency after an additional five years, leading to Italian citizenship under certain conditions.

Residence permit issued for scientific research

Obtaining a residence permit for scientific research in Italy involves a specific process designed to attract researchers, scientists, and academics to contribute to the country's research and academic communities.

  1. Obtain a Research Contract:
    To apply for a residence permit for scientific research, the applicants need to secure a research contract or a hosting agreement from a recognized Italian research institution, university, or a private company. The contract should outline the terms of their research, including the duration, scope, and financial aspects.
  2. Apply for a Visa:
    Once the applicants have the research contract, they need to apply for a visa for scientific research at the Italian consulate or embassy in their home country. They will require various documents, including the research contract, passport, proof of accommodation, and evidence of financial means to support themselves during their stay in Italy.
  3. Enter Italy and Apply for the Residence Permit:
    After obtaining the visa, they can enter Italy. Within eight days of their arrival, they must apply for the residence permit for scientific research. They need to submit their application to the local Questura (police headquarters) in the city where their research institution is located.
  4. Required Documents for Residence Permit:
    • Valid passport and entry visa
    • Research contract or hosting agreement
    • Proof of accommodation in Italy
    • Health insurance coverage
    • Passport-sized photographs
    • Proof of financial means
    • Curriculum vitae and educational qualifications
    • Any other documents required by the local immigration authorities.
  5. Biometric Data and Application Submission:
    During the application process, their biometric data, including fingerprints and photographs, will be collected. They will submit all the required documents along with the application form.
  6. Waiting Period and Residence Permit Issuance:
    Following the submission, they will need to wait for the processing of their residence permit. This period can vary, but regular follow-ups with the immigration authorities can help ensure that their application is progressing.
  7. Post-Approval Steps:
    Upon approval of their scientific research residence permit, they will be issued a residence permit card. This card acts as formal proof of their lawful stay in Italy for conducting scientific research.

Residence permit issued for internship.

Obtaining a residence permit for an internship in Italy involves a specific application process.

  1. Obtain an Internship Offer:
    The first step is to secure an internship offer from an Italian company, institution, or organization. The internship offer should clearly state the details of the internship, including the duration, scope of work, and any benefits provided.
  2. Apply for an Internship Visa:
    Holding the internship proposal, they must request an internship visa from the Italian consulate or embassy in their native country. They are required to submit several documents, such as the letter of internship offer, evidence of housing in Italy, financial resources to sustain themselves throughout their stay, and health insurance protection.
  3. Enter Italy and Apply for the Residence Permit:
    After obtaining the internship visa, they can enter Italy. They must apply for an internship residence permit within eight days of arriving. This is done through the local Questura (police headquarters) in the city where their internship provider is located.
  4. Required Documents for Residence Permit:
    • Valid passport and entry visa
    • Internship offer letter detailing the duration and responsibilities
    • Proof of accommodation in Italy
    • Health insurance coverage
    • Passport-sized photographs
    • Proof of financial means to support themselves during the internship period
    • Curriculum vitae and educational qualifications
    • Any other documents required by the local immigration authorities.
  5. Biometric Data and Application Submission:
    When applying, they will collect their biometric data, like fingerprints and photos. They will need to submit all the required documents along with the application form.
  6. Waiting Period and Residence Permit Issuance:
    Following the submission, they will need to wait for the processing of their residence permit application. This period can vary, but regular follow-ups with the immigration authorities can help ensure that their application is progressing.
  7. Post-Approval Steps:
    Once their residence permit for the internship is approved, they will receive a residence permit card. This card serves as official documentation of their legal stay in Italy for the purpose of the internship.
  8. Duration and Renewal:
    Residence permits for internships are typically issued for the duration of the internship. If their internship is extended, they can apply for a renewal of their residence permit.

Residency authorization for the practice of nursing

Obtaining a residence permit to work as a nurse in Italy involves a specific process, considering the critical nature of the profession. Here is a guide on how to apply for a residence permit to carry out the activity of a nurse in Italy:

  1. ecognition of Qualifications:
    Prior to applying for a residency permit, it's essential to confirm that your nursing credentials are acknowledged in Italy. If your qualifications were obtained outside of the European Union, you may be required to undergo a validation process to have your degree and abilities certified by the relevant Italian authorities.
  2. Job Offer:
    Obtain a job offer from an Italian healthcare facility or employer. The job offer is a prerequisite for the residence permit application.
  3. Work Visa Application:
    Apply for a work visa at the Italian consulate or embassy in their home country based on the job offer. They will need to provide documents such as the job contract, proof of qualifications, proof of accommodation in Italy, and proof of financial means.
  4. Arrival in Italy:
    Once they have the work visa, they can enter Italy. Within eight days of their arrival, they must start the process of obtaining the residence permit for work.
  5. Apply for the Residence Permit:
    • Required Documents: Gather all necessary documents, including the work contract, proof of accommodation, proof of financial means, health insurance, and proof of qualifications.
    • Application Submission: Submit their residence permit application along with the required documents to the local Questura (police headquarters) in the city where they will be working.
  6. Biometric Data and Waiting Period:
    During the application process, their biometric data, including fingerprints and photographs, will be collected. After the submission, there will be a waiting period while their application is processed.
  7. Post-Approval Steps:
    Once their residence permit as a nurse is approved, they will receive a residence permit card. This card serves as official documentation of their legal stay and employment in Italy as a nurse.
  8. Renewal and Permanent Residency:
    • Renewal: Residence permits are typically issued for a specific duration, often corresponding to the length of their employment contract. Before their permit expires, they will need to apply for a renewal if they wish to continue working in Italy
    • Permanent Residency: After several years of legal residence in Italy, they may be eligible to apply for long-term residency or permanent residency, which could eventually lead to Italian citizenship.


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