The Right to Disconnect (diritto alla disconnessione) Balancing Remote Work and Employee Well-being in Italy

In today's ever-evolving digital landscape, remote work has become a ubiquitous feature of our professional lives. The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the shift toward remote work, blurring the lines between our personal and professional lives. While remote work brings undeniable benefits, it has also raised concerns about working hours and employee well-being. This has led to the emergence of the "right to disconnect", which, in Italy, is partially regulated by the bill 22nd of May 2017, n. 81 ("lavoro agile" or "smart working") a concept aimed at preserving the work-life balance of remote workers. In this article, we will delve into the right to disconnect, its importance, and its legislative implications in Italy.

Remote Work in Italy: A Growing Trend

Remote work, often used interchangeably with "telecommuting," refers to the practice of working from a location outside of the traditional office environment. It has gained significant momentum in Italy, as in many other countries, driven by advancements in technology and changing attitudes toward work. For many, the allure of remote work lies in the flexibility it offers, allowing individuals to better manage their professional and personal responsibilities.
However, the blurring of boundaries between work and personal life in the remote work era has highlighted the need for regulations to safeguard employees' rights and well-being. This is where the concept of the right to disconnect comes into play.

The Right to Disconnect: A Necessity for Modern Workers

The right to disconnect is a basic work right that sets limits between work and personal life for remote workers. The right to disconnect is a fundamental work right. It establishes boundaries between work and personal life for remote workers. This right recognizes that workers should not be constantly connected to their work devices. It also acknowledges that workers should not have to handle work-related matters outside of their scheduled work hours.

The right to disconnect is founded on several principles:

  • Respect for Working Time: Employees should have the freedom to disconnect from work-related communications and tasks during their non-working hours. This includes evenings, weekends, and vacation days.
  • Preservation of Well-being: Continuous accessibility to work-related matters can lead to burnout and increased stress levels. The right to disconnect seeks to prevent these negative consequences by allowing employees to recharge and focus on personal matters.
  • Enhanced Productivity: By ensuring that employees have time to rest and disconnect, employers can expect better productivity during working hours. This is because employees are less likely to suffer from exhaustion and fatigue.

Benefits to Employees

The right to disconnect offers several benefits to remote workers in Italy and beyond:

  • Improved Work-Life Balance: Remote workers can enjoy a healthier balance between their professional and personal lives, reducing the stress associated with the constant juggling of responsibilities.
  • Reduced Burnout: By setting clear boundaries for when work-related communication is expected, employees are less likely to experience burnout or fatigue.
  • Enhanced Mental Health: The right to disconnect promotes mental well-being by allowing employees to detach from work-related stressors during their personal time.
  • Increased Job Satisfaction: When employees feel that their work-life balance is respected, they are more likely to be satisfied with their jobs and remain committed to their employers.

The Italian Perspective on the Right to Disconnect

In Italy, the concept of the right to disconnect is gaining traction, driven by concerns over the well-being of remote workers. While there is no specific legislation dedicated solely to the right to disconnect, existing labour laws and regulations provide a framework for addressing this issue.
The Italian Workers' Statute, a fundamental piece of labour legislation, establishes working time limits and rest periods for employees. According to this statute, the maximum daily working time, including overtime, should not exceed 12 hours, and employees are entitled to a minimum of eleven consecutive hours of rest between workdays. These provisions implicitly support the idea of setting boundaries on working hours.
Moreover, Italy, like many European countries, has adopted the EU Working Time Directive, which sets limits on working hours, rest periods, and annual leave. This directive seeks to ensure the health and safety of workers by regulating working time, which indirectly supports the right to disconnect.
Additionally, Italy has collective labour agreements negotiated between trade unions and employers' associations. These agreements can address specific issues related to remote work and the right to disconnect. Such agreements can establish guidelines for remote work arrangements, including the expectation that employees will not be required to engage in work-related activities outside of their regular working hours.
It is important to know that without specific laws on the right to disconnect, employers may interpret and implement different practices. To protect remote workers consistently, experts suggest that Italy should create laws specifically addressing the right to disconnect.


Remote work has transformed the way we work, offering greater flexibility and opportunities for employees in Italy and worldwide. However, with this shift comes the pressing need to balance the benefits of remote work with the well-being of employees. The right to disconnect emerges as a crucial concept, aiming to establish clear boundaries between work and personal life.
Although Italy has not yet established explicit laws concerning the right to disconnect, current employment laws and rules offer a basis for tackling this matter. As the landscape of remote work keeps changing, it is crucial for Italian legislators and employers to acknowledge the significance of safeguarding employees' welfare. They should contemplate instituting the right to disconnect to promote a more balanced and enduring work setting for all remote employees nationwide.

External links:
Ministero del lavoro e delle politiche sociali: National Collective agreements
Wikipedia: Italian Workers' Statute
European Agency for Safety & Health at Work Directive 2003/88/EC - working time
Wikipedia: Working Time Directive 2003
PeoItaly: Remote Work in Italy
Ius Laboris Which country offer a right to disconnect?

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